The success of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) has helped build strong narratives around the benefits of improved sanitation and making cities open defecation free. This has triggered a large investment in toilet construction. Sustaining the ODF status and treatment of faecal sludge and septage is now a priority of cities. Diversifying financing sources and mechanisms is a path to bridge the financing gaps. It is crucial to leverage limited public funds with private financing through innovative financing mechanisms.
CWAS has explored various innovative financing mechanisms across the sanitation value chain. For financing toilets, sanitation credit through various financial institutions is explored. CWAS work emphasises that sanitation credit can play a major role in mobilising communities and unlocking the demand for improved sanitation CWAS has developed business models and financing mechanisms for the sanitation service chain.